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Judges chs. 10 - 11
By: Edward Short©
Vs. 1-5: Two more judges: Tola and Jair:
Vs. 6-18: Write down how the Israelites once again disobeyed and forsook Jehovah.
Beginning in vs. 6: THE FIFTH GREAT JUDGE: JEPHTHAH:
Vs. 6-18: How does this Scripture describe the recurring pattern of history that we see continually in the book of Judges?
V. 15: “But the Israelites said to the LORD, "We have sinned. Do with us whatever you think b_____, but please r______ us now.”
V. 18: “The leaders of the people of Gilead said to each other, "Whoever will launch the attack against the Ammonites will be the h____ of all those living in Gilead.” We meet Jephthah because of this promise.
2.Judges 11: JEPHTHAH:
Vs. 1-11: Why did Jephthah’s brothers drive him away? Why did they ask him to return later on and what did they ask him to do?
Vs. 10-11: “And he repeated all his words before the LORD in Mizpah.” Do you think Jephthah was sincere in so-doing?
Vs. 12-27: What bit of history of the two peoples did Jephthah review with the Ammonite king?
27-29: Result of the history lesson: “I have not wronged you, but you are doing me wrong by waging war against me. Let the LORD, the Judge, decide the dispute this day between the Israelites and the Ammonites.” The king of Ammon paid no attention to what Jephthah said, so God moved Jephthah to a_____k the Ammonites.
Vs. 30-40: JEPTHAH’S VOW:
Vs. 30-31: What vow to God did Jephthah make? “And Jephthah made a vow to the LORD: "If you give the Ammonites into my hands,31 whatever comes out of the door of my house to meet me when I return in t_______ [Chinese Union Version says “in peace”] from the Ammonites will be the LORD'S [Union Version says “be given or dedicated to the LORD”], and I will s_________ it as a burnt offering.” Is this a rash statement or a statement of piety? Historically, Biblical scholars have interpreted Jephthah’s vow to God in two different ways: 1) Literally: Jephthah actually placed his daughter on the altar and killed her as a sacrifice to the Lord God. 2) Symbolic or Figurative: Jephthah did not allow his daughter to marry, rather he vow ed on her behalf that she would never marry; she would serve God in God’s presence all of her life. Which of these two explanations is correct? (We do not know.) God has never asked people to vow to sacrifice humans to God. (God did not allow Abraham to sacrifice Isaac.) In fact, the human sacrifice of the non-Jewish religions was completely repugnant to God. However, the writer of Judges does not seem to have opposed what Jephthah did in making his vow. In vs. 37-38, Jephthah’s daughter “wept” because she would never marry, not because she was about to loose her life. However, the two words “burnt offering” in vs. 31 seem to indicate that she would actually be killed. Many Biblical scholars favor this interpretation; indeed this has been the traditional intrepretation, difficult though it is for modern man to understand. (Note: One thing that makes the Bible a special book is that it does not hide the sins of heros and leaders.) Other Scriptures that have some relation to Jeptha and his vow: Hebrews 11:32; Numbers 30:2; Deuteronomy 23:21-23; Ecclesiastes 5:4-5. How might whether or not Jephthah was sincere in his worship at Mizpah in verse 11 help us understand what his vow was and why he made it? What is your opinion about Jeptha and his daughter; which interpretation is correct? Did the daughter loose her life or did she serve God all her life?
3.Judges 12: Jephthah’s Demise: Why did the Gileadites and the Ephraimites fight? How did the Gileadites distinguish between Gileadites and the Ephraimites? How many years did Jephthah judge Israel?
4.Judges 12:8-15: List three other judges: I______, E______ and A_______.
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