聖經問答:從天而降的糧

Manna01 (150 x 84)出埃及記第八課:從天而降的糧:出埃及記 16章。
摩西是《聖經》里的重要人物之一。也許以下的問題會讓您認識他更深。同時,也許你會明白“嗎哪”是什麼,而它在出埃及記的重要角色是什麼。

一。出埃及記16:1-3:以色列人已經離開了埃及多久時間?他們向摩西發了___ ___,說,“巴不得,我們早____在埃及”。他們懷念什麼地方,什麼事情,什麼東西?他們忘記了什麼更重要之事?請指出在今天的日常生活上,我們與他們有什麼相同之處?

二。出埃及記16:4-8:出埃及記16章,下半章,神要開始為以色列人預備“嗎哪”。根據4-8節中,神賜“嗎哪”給他們是為了什麼?是為了__ __他們(4節),並且也是為了讓他們知道什麼(6-7節)?摩西說: “…你們的怨言不是向__ __發的,而是向__ __ __的”(8節)。

三。出埃及記16:9-12:亞倫向以色列人說話時,“他們向著曠野觀望,看見耶和華的__ __在雲中顯現出來” (10節)。你認為神為什麼讓以色列人觀看他的榮光(榮耀)?這時候(12節),神以什麼態度對待以色列人?

四。出埃及記16:12-15:神給以色列人預備哪兩種食物?有些《聖經》學者告訴我們,每年鵪鶉遷徙在非洲北部和地中海一帶。如果是這樣,此事怎麼樣算是個“神跡”?[s.v. Clyde Woods, Living Way Commentary, Exodus 16:13.] (參看民數記11:4-34。)

五。出埃及記16:12-15, 31:第二種食物是__ __。希伯來語“這是什麼?” (15節)發音為“嗎哪”,所以“嗎哪”二字的意思是“這是什麼?”。當以色列人問“這是什麼?”此問題時,摩西怎麼回答(15節)?請描繪“嗎哪”像什麼(31節)。

六。出埃及記16:16-30:請述說摩西告訴以色列人有關嗎哪的規條。哪些事實和規條證明嗎哪是神給以色列人行為40年的神跡?1)以色列人吃嗎哪,有一定的時間,從他們離開__ __直到他們__________為止(35節;參看約書亞記5:11-12)。2)除了一天以外,不能把嗎哪留到什麼時候免得它會壞掉(19, 20, 29節)? 3)哪天是例外(22,23節)?4)每周嗎哪才降下幾天(26, 29節)? 5)有一點點嗎哪被放在法櫃前,給後代看(32-34節);此嗎哪沒有__ __。

七。出埃及記16:16-30:關於嗎哪,神頒布了這麼多規定是為了讓以色列人明白什麼?嗎哪是耶和華神表達他對以色列人的__ __的方法之一。嗎哪的降下也時常提醒以色列人,他們要完完全全地__ __耶和華。可惜,他們時常__ __神的慈愛和恩典。(參看申命記8:1-5。)今天我們是否欣賞和感謝神的恩典和慈愛?在我們日常生活中,神用什麼方法表達他的慈愛?

八。出埃及記16:20, 27:有些人違背了摩西所下的規定,犯了兩個不同的錯,是什麼?從神的眼光來看,此事為什麼那麼嚴重?

九。出埃及記16:23,26-30:當七日的第七日(我們的星期六),以色列人要做什麼(26-30)? 神說,“明天是安息日,是向耶和華守的__ __ __ __”(23)。基督徒要守安息日為聖日嗎?不。《聖經》新約教導基督徒要以星期日為“主日”;請參看使徒行傳20:7,哥林多前書16:2等。使徒行傳2章所描述的教會的建立也是星期日。今天也有人把星期日稱呼為“安息日”;但,《聖經》並沒有這個說法。(注意:在以後的課程,我們會對此問題有詳細的研究。)

十。嗎哪是神給的,但是老百姓必須做什麼才可以吃它?研讀《聖經》時,我們常常見到一個原則,就是:神施恩給人,人可以白白的接受,但是人要有所反應。譬如,人要相信、接受、順服等。人的順服和神的恩典彼此之間沒有任何矛盾。

十一。馬太福音6:25-34:有關“明天”,耶穌基督如何教導他的門徒(我們)?我們接受耶穌的勸勉,是否比得上以色列人在摩西的帶領下接受了神的恩典和慈愛?你認為,神為什麼把以色列人在曠野的歷史寫下來而保留到今天讓我們看?(參看哥林多前書10:1-6。)在您生命當中和內心深處,哪個“角落”需要聽從耶穌的這份教導?


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Bible Study Questions: Exodus Lesson Eight
Exodus 16: Bread from Heaven

1. Ex. 16:1-3: How long have the Israelites been gone from Egypt? [One month.] They g______ against Moses, saying, “If only we had d_____ by the LORD’S hand in Egypt!” They had nostalgia for what place, what activity and what things? What more important thing did they forget? What about us today is similar to them?
2. Ex. 16:4-8: In the second half of ch. 16, God will begin to provide the Israelites with “manna.” According to vs. 4-8, why did God give them “manna”? It was to t___ them (v. 4), and so they would know what (vs. 6-7)? Moses said, “You are not grumbling against u__, but against the L____.”
3. Ex. 16:9-12: When Aaron spoke to the people, they looked toward the desert and saw “the g____ of the LORD appearing in the cloud” (v. 10). Why do you think the Lord allowed the Israelites to see his glory? What was God’s attitude toward the Israelites at this (v. 12) time?
4. Ex. 16:12-15: What two kinds of food did God prepare for the Israelites? Some Bible scholars tell us that quails migrate annually in the area of North Africa and the Mediterranean. If this is so, what makes this a “miracle”? [See Clyde M. Woods, The Living Way Commentary on Exodus 16:13.] (See also Num. 11:4-34.)
5. Ex. 16:12-15, 31: The second kind of food was m_____. In Hebrew, “What is it?” (v. 15) is pronounced “manna,” so the term “manna” means “What is it?” [See NIV footnote on v. 31.] How did Moses answer when the Israelites asked “What is it?” (v. 15)?
6. Ex. 16:16-30: What regulations did Moses give the Israelites regarding the manna? What indicates (proves) that the manna was a 40-year miracle that God performed for the Israelites? 1) The manna eaten by the Israelites was during a specific time: from when they left E____ until they [arrived where] (v. 35; see also Joshua 5:11-12.) 2) With the exception of one day, they were unable to keep the manna _______, otherwise it would _______ (19, 20, 29). 3) What day was the exception (22, 23)? 4) How many days a week did the manna appear (26, 29)? 5) A small amount of manna was kept in front of the Testimony for future generations (32-34); this manna did not s_____.
7. Ex. 16:16-30: Why did God promulgate these regulations regarding the manna? So the Israelites would do what? Manna was an expression of the l___ that Jehovah God had for the Israelites. Manna also served as a regular reminder to the Israelites that they should completely t____ Jehovah. Too bad however that the Israelites often f_____ God’s love and grace. (See Deut. 8:1-5.) Do we enjoy and are we thankful for God’s grace and love today? How does God express his love to us in our lives today?
8. Ex. 16:20, 27: In what two ways did some people disobey Moses’ regulations? In the eyes of God, why were these actions so important?
9. Ex. 16:26-30: What were the Israelites to do on the sixth day (our Saturday) (26-30)? God said, “Tomorrow is to be a day of rest, a h____ S______ to the LORD” (23). Should Christians keep the Sabbath as a holy day? No. The New Testament teaches Christians to take Sunday as “the Lord’s day;” see Acts 20:7, 1 Cor. 16:2, etc. The church was established on a Sunday (Acts ch. 2). Today, some people refer to Sunday as the Sabbath, but the Bible does not so describe it. (Note: We will study this question in detail later.)
10. God gave manna, but what did the people have to do in order to eat it? As we study the Bible, we often see the principle that God extends his grace to man and man can receive it without cost, but man must do what? Man must believe, accept and obey. There is no contradiction between man’s obedience and God’s grace.
11. Matthew 6:25-34: What did Jesus Christ teach his disciples (us) concerning “tomorrow”? Are we better at accepting his love and grace than the Moses-lead Israelites were? Why do you suppose that God had the Israelites’ history written down and preserved until today for us to read? (See 1 Cor. 10:1-6.) In what remote parts of your heart and life do you need to hear these teachings of Jesus?


聖經問答
出埃及記第八課:從天而降的糧:出埃及記 16章
Bible Study Questions: Exodus Lesson Seven
Exodus 16: Bread from Heaven
作者:謝德華 ©By Edward Short
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