圣经问答:摩西诞生

MosesBirthWater01HeQi (200 x 204)出埃及记第一课:摩西诞生:出埃及记第一章至第二章

摩西是圣经里的重要人物之一。也许以下的问题会让您认识他更深。

一。出埃及记的时间:传统解经家把摩西带领以色列人从埃及拯救出来定于公元前1446年,所以摩西诞生差不多公元前1526年。“新派”神学家把摩西离开埃及定于公元前1290年,所以把摩西出生日定于公元前1370年前后。请注意:在这一套《圣经》教材里,我们采用传统日期(1446年和1526年)。

二。列下及背诵雅各(以色列)十二个儿子的名字(出埃及记1:1-5)。

三。出埃及记1:8:新的王就是新的朝代的意思,所以难怪他“不认识约瑟”(1:8)。他不知道约瑟对埃及的贡献,所以埃及人“派监工辖制以色列人”(1:11)。“法老”一词不是王的名字,乃是他的职位。以色列人越来越___,所以埃及人更加的___他们(1:11-14)。

四.法老下了什么不公平的新命令?法老重女轻男的理由何在?

五.接生婆怎么样回避法老的命令?你认为他们为什么要违背王的命令?1)他们___ ___ 神;2)他们也是___ __ ___ ___; 3)他们知道人的生命是____ ____ 的。今天基督徒要听从“王”的命令;是否有例外呢?新约《圣经》对此的原则是什么?(请参看路加福音20:25,罗马书13章以及使徒行传5:29。)

六.出埃及记1:16:和合本:“你们为希伯来妇人收生,看她们临盆的时候…” 新译本:“你们给希伯来妇人接生的时候,要看着她们临盆…” 普通话本: “你们看希伯来妇女接生时…” 希伯来原文意思是:将要生孩子的希伯来妇女坐在两块石头上时…(资料来自NIV Study Bible。)作者所描画的是什么?神怎么样报答那些接生婆?

七.埃及王又颁布了什么命令?

八.出埃及记2:1-10:请述说摩西如何免除被淹死在 尼罗河。摩西的姐姐怎么会在河边?法老的女儿洗澡之地, 摩西的姐姐怎么会刚刚好在那个地方?当法老女儿发现婴儿是个希伯来人,摩西的姐姐怎么会那样快出现问法老女儿要不要她去找希伯来人做奶妈?

九.你认为,法老女儿知不知道奶妈是婴孩的母亲?你认为,奶妈(也就是摩西的母亲)带孩子多久,才把他抱进宫里 ?(注意:和合本:10 孩子渐长,妇人把他带到法老的女儿那里,就作了她的儿子。新译本:10 孩子长大了,妇人把他带到法老的女儿那里,他就作了法老女儿的儿子。普通话本: 孩子断奶后,母亲把他抱进宫里,交给了公主。) 如果孩子断奶时,妈妈就送他去皇宫住,之后,摩西怎么会知道他是希伯来人?如果摩西不断地居住母亲家,直到他长大,摩西怎么算是法老女儿的孩子?但是,请参看新约《圣经》使徒行传7:20;这是关键经文!

十。请说明摩西的名字的背景和意思。来源是埃及语,是“出生”的意思,但是,字的声音,用希伯来语发音,听起来好象“拉”或“拽出来”的意思。

十一。在出埃及记里,到目前为止(一章一节至二章十节),哪些人“拯救了”希伯来人?(请注意:他们都是什么性别!)

十二。当出埃及记二章十一节,摩西几岁(参阅使徒行传7:23)?摩西为什么逃往米甸?摩西娶谁为妻?摩西岳父两个名字都是什么(2:18; 3:1)?米甸人祖先是谁(创世记25:2)?流珥是一位哪里的人(16)?他是否敬畏真神?(我们不知道,但是之后他承认神了;参看出埃及记18:11-12。)可能摩西假设他没有希望能够回到埃及,所以给儿子起名为什么(2:22)?意思是什么?摩西居住米甸几年(参使徒行传7:27-30)?


读者:欢迎您把这篇短文下载,复印,用在您的圣经班里。


Exodus/01: Birth of Moses
Exodus 1-2

1. Time frame in Exodus: The traditional date for the Exodus from Egypt is 1446 B.C., in which case Moses would have been born in 1526 B.C. Some liberal theologians date the Exodus at 1290 B.C., so Moses’ birth is placed ca. 1370. NOTE: In this series of Bible lessons for adults, we accept the traditional dates of 1446 and 1526.

2. List and memorize the twelve sons of Jacob (Israel).

3. Exodus 1:8: A “new king” meant a new dynasty, so no wonder the new king “did not know Joseph” (1:8). He did not know the contributions Joseph had made to Egypt, so he put slave masters over them to oppress them with forced labor…(1:11). The term “pharaoh” was not the name of a king but was his title. The Israelites ____ in number, so the Egyptians made their lives ____ (11-14).

4. What new regulation did Pharaoh impose? Why?

5. How did the mid-wives circumvent Pharaoh’s edict? Why do you think they did this? 1) They _____ God; 2) They also were ______; 3) They knew that life is ____. Today, are Christians supposed to obey “the king,” but are there ever exceptions? What principle is taught in the New Testament? (See Luke 20:25, Romans 13 and Acts 5:29.)

6. Exodus 1:16: [Three translations of Exodus 1:16a are given above in Chinese, none of which are equivalent to the English NIV: “When you see the Hebrew women in childbirth and observe them on the delivery stool…” According to the NIV Study Bible, the Hebrew says “on two stones” which indicates that the women sat on stones while giving birth.] What is the writer describing? How did God repay the mid-wives?

7. What other regulation did the king of Egypt promulgate?

8. Explain how did Moses was not drowned in the Nile River. How did Moses’ sister happen to be at the river? How did Moses’ sister happen to be at just the spot where pharaoh’s daughter was going to bathe? When pharaoh’s daughter discovered that the infant was a Hebrew baby, how did sister appear so quickly and ask pharaoh’s daughter if she wanted her to find a Hebrew woman to serve as a wet nurse for the baby?

9. Do you think that pharaoh’s daughter knew that the woman who served as wet nurse was in fact the baby’s mother? How long do you think the wet nurse (Moses’ own mother) took care of the child before taking him to the palace? (Note: Three Chinese translations of Exodus 2:10 are given, one of which says that after the child was weaned she took him to the palace.) If Moses was taken to the palace as soon as he was weaned, how did he grow up knowing he was a Hebrew? If he remained in his mother’s house until he was grown, how could he be called the son of pharaoh’s daughter? But see the important statement in Acts 7:20!

10. Explain the meaning of Moses’ name. Of Egyptian origin, the word means “is born” but in Hebrew it sounds like “draw out” [NIV Study Bible].

11. Up to this point in Exodus, who has “saved” the Hebrews?  (Note: All of these are of what sex?!)

12. How old was Moses at Exodus 2:11 (see Acts 7:23)? Why did Moses flee to Midian? What were his father-in-law’s two names (2:18; 3:1)? Who was the ancestor of the Midianites (Genesis 25:2)? Of what ethnic group was Reuel (16)? Did he venerate the true God? (We do not know, but he did later; see Exodus 18:11-12). Perhaps Moses assumed he had no hope of returning to Egypt, so what did he name his son (2:22)? What does it mean? How long did Moses live in Midian (Acts 7:27-30)?


圣经问答
出埃及记/01:摩西诞生:出埃及记第一章至第二章
Bible Study Questions: Moses (01):
Exodus 1-2: The Birth of Moses
作者:谢德华 ©By Edward Short
本文所问的问题使用汉子圣经。
欢迎您把此文下载用在圣经班或私人学习。
A series of Bible lessons, written in Chinese
and based largely on the text of the Chinese Bible.
You may download and print copies of this lesson
for use in your Bible class.
World Christian Broadcasting
Franklin, TN 37067 USA


照片:摩西在河里被拯救。Picture: by He Qi, via Premier Gallery in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and the website http://www.mnartists.org/article/he-qi-two-levels-amazement . He Qi is a professor at the Nanjing Union Theological Seminary.

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