圣经问答:逾越节和代赎

Pharaoh03SonDead (160 x 99)出埃及记第五课:逾越节和代赎:出埃及记 11:1-13:16
摩西是《圣经》里的重要人物之一。也许以下的问题会让您认识他更深。

一。出埃及记11:1-10;12:29-36:第十个灾难:头胎之死。请详细地描述第十个灾难。当天晚上,哪些埃及人家庭没有预见死亡(12:29-30)?法老第一个反应是什么(12:31-32)?以色列人怎么 能够把埃及人的财富都带走(11:2-3;12:35-36)?神在出埃及记3:21-22已经 __ __了此事。

二。出埃及记12:1-28:逾越节。以色列人使用两个不同的月历,就是宗教日历和农事日历。此“正月”是Abib,后来叫做Nisan,等于我们今天阳历的三月或四月。请描述希伯来人要选什么样的羊羔为逾越节所用(12:2-6)。描述希伯来人要怎么样吃此羊羔(12:8-11,14-20,24-28)。为什么?逾越节的晚餐叫做__ __ 节(17)。他们要过无酵节几天(12:15, 19)?逾越节和无酵节记念什么事情?神期望每年孩子们要问什么问题(26)?因此,每当犹太人过逾越节和无酵节,他们有很好的机会跟家人__ __他们民族的__ __。(参看出埃及记13:1-16。)

三。基督徒要不要过逾越节和无酵节?为什么?

四。出埃及记12:1-30:希伯来人要做什么才让长子不死?除此之外,神给以色列人其他什么规定或诫命(12:21-23,43-49)?

五。指出几个不同的用语形容是谁击杀了埃及人的长子。

出埃及记11:4:
出埃及记12:12:
出埃及记12:23:
出埃及记12:29:
希伯来书11:28(参看新译本做比较):

六。希伯来人见到耶和华神所作的之后,他们的反应是什么(12:27)?法老王见到耶和华神所作的之后,他的反应是什么(12:31, 32)?法老请求摩西为他做什么(12:32下)?埃及人见到耶和华神所作的之后,他们的反应是什么(12:33-36)?(之前,关于此事,神早说了什么?参看创世记15:14;出埃及记3:21-22;11:2-3。)法老王醒悟过来,发现他已经释放了他的奴仆之后,他的反应是什么(14:5-9)?

七。出埃及记12:37-38(参看出埃及记38:26):你认为希伯来人总数大约几口?希伯来人在埃及居住几年(12:40-42, 51)?(参看使徒行传7:6。)

八。出埃及记13:1-16:请解释清楚神对“头生的”、“长子”、“头胎”之观点。谁是神的长子(出埃及记4:22)?第十个灾难时,神救了犹太人中,每___ ___的生命。因此,犹太人中,每位为___ ___的都属于神,所以神规定犹太人都要“把所有头生的都分别为___归___”(出埃及记13:2)。(注意:此句指男人而言。普通话本翻为:“你们要把以色列人所有头胎所生的雄性,包括以色列人的长子和牲畜的头胎,都奉献给我;他们属于我。” )今天,基督徒是“…有名字登记在天上众___ ___的教会…”(希伯来书12:23)。因为基督徒被称为“长子”,所以我们要把自己“分别为___归___”。

九。出埃及记13:1-16:为什么每当无酵节期间“有酵之物都不可以吃”(3-8)?第九节强调的是什么?(第九节是耶稣基督在新约马太福音23:5所说有关经学家和法利赛人“把经文的匣子做大了,衣服的繸子做长了”的背景。)

十。出埃及记13:1-16:请解释清楚13:2, 12-13:“…凡头生的驴,你要用羊羔代赎…”——犹太人为什么可以“代赎”头生的驴?为什么可以选择不代赎驴?为什么必定代赎长子?犹太人时常献祭给神。如果是动物,都是“死”祭。今天,基督徒要献“活祭”给神,就是说要把____ ____献上(罗马书12:1)。请问:您是否已把你的头胎“分别为圣归神”?您是否已把自己“分别为圣归神”?


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Exodus Lesson Five: Passover and Redemption
Exodus 11:1-13:16

1. Ex. 11:1-10; 12:29-36: Plague Ten: Death of the Firstborn: Describe the tenth plague. Which Egyptian homes did not see death that night(12:29-30)? What was Pharaoh’s first reaction (12:31-32)? How were the Israelites able to take with them the Egyptians’ valuables (11:2-3; 12:35-36)? God had already p_____ this in Exodus 3:21-22.

2. Ex. 12:1-28: The Passover. The Israelites used two different calendars: religious and agricultural. The first month was Abib which later was known as Nisan and was about the time of our March and April. Describe what kind of lamb the Hebrews were to select for Passover (12:2-6). Describe how the Hebrews were to eat the lamb (12:8-11, 14-20, 24-28). Why? The Passover meal was also known as the Feast of (17) U____ B__. For how many days were they to celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread (12:15, 19)? What event did the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread commemorate? What did God expect the children to ask each year (26)? This gave the Israelites a good opportunity to r_____ the h____ of their people with their families. (See Ex. 13:1-16.)

3. Do Christians celebrate the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread? Why or why not?

4. Ex.12:1-30: What should the Hebrews do so their first born would not die? Additionally, what other regulations and commandments did God give the Israelites (12:21-23, 43-49)?

5. List the words used to indicate who killed the Egyptian firstborn: Ex. 11:4_____; 12:12_____; 12:23_____ and _____; 12:29_____; Heb. 11:28_____. (Compare several new translations.)

6. How did the Hebrews react after they saw all that Jehovah God did (12:27)? How did the Pharaoh react after he saw all that Jehovah God did (12:31, 32)? What did Pharaoh ask Moses to do for him (12:32)? How did the Egyptians react after they saw all that Jehovah God did (12:33-36)? (What had God already said regarding this? See Gen. 15:14; Ex. 3:21-22; 11:2-3.) How did Pharaoh react after he came to himself and realized that he had freed his slaves (14:5-9)?

7. Ex. 12:37-38 (See also Ex. 38:26): What do you think the total number of Hebrews was? ____________ Ex. 12:40-42, 51: How long were the Hebrews in Egypt? ____

8. Ex. 13:1-16: Explain clearly how God viewed “the firstborn.” Who was God’s “firstborn” son (Ex. 4:22)? During the tenth plague, God saved the life of each Israelite f______. Consequently, the f______ of all Israelites belonged to God. God stipulated that the Israelites should “c____ to m___ every firstborn male” (Ex. 13:2). (The WBTC translation is also given; it indicates that Ex. 13:2 refers to males.) Today, Christians are “…the church of the f_____, whose names are written in heaven…” (Heb. 12:23). Since Christians are called the “firstborn,” we should “c______” ourselves “to G___.”

9. Ex. 13:1-16: Why should they “eat nothing containing yeast” (3-8)? What does vs. 9 emphasize? (Verse 9 is the background of what Jesus said in Matthew 23:5 re. the teachers of the law and the Pharisees: “They make their phylacteries wide and the tassels on their garments long.”)

10. Ex. 13:1-16: Please explain clearly the meaning of 13:2, 12-13. Why could the Israelites “redeem” a donkey? Why could they choose not to redeem the donkey? Why must they redeem their firstborn sons? The Israelites often made sacrifices to God. If the sacrifice was an animal it was a “dead” sacrifice. Today, Christians are to sacrifice “living sacrifices” to God; Christians are to sacrifice t____ (Rom. 12:1). Questions: Have you consecrated your firstborn child to God? Have you consecrated yourself to God?


圣经问答
出埃及记第五课:逾越节和代赎:出埃及记 11:1-13:16
Bible Study Questions: Exodus Lesson Five
Exodus 11:1-13:16: Passover and Redemption
作者:谢德华 ©By Edward Short
本文所问的问题使用汉子圣经。
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A series of Bible lessons, written in Chinese
and based largely on the text of the Chinese Bible.
You may download and print copies of this lesson
for use in your Bible class.
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