圣经问答:预备起行

IsraelitesInCamp01 (150 x 108)民数记第一课:预备起行:民数记第一至第六章

摩西是《圣经》里的重要人物之一。摩西带领以色列人从埃及吃苦之地出来前往迦南地,就是神应许给以色列人之地。也许以下的问题和内容会协助您理解摩西这位特殊的领导人以及民数记的基本内容。

一。民数记1章:1节:以色列人离开了埃及已经有多久?二节:神叫摩西作什么?谁“算”,谁“不算”,就是说要计算谁,不要计算谁?哪个支派人数最多?总数多少?哪个支派没有登记?为什么?

二。民数记2章:第2章说明以色列人的十二支派如何地做什么?

三。民数记3至4章:第3章及第4章述说以色列人中的哪个支派的家族?请说明民数记3章11-13节, 41节, 44-45节的意思和意义。民数记3:39:利未人的男人总数为几位?

四。民数记3:5-10:注意:所有祭司都是利___人,但并不是所有的利未人都是祭___。祭司限于亚伦的后裔。其他的利未人协助谁?协助他们做什么?

五。民数记3:2-4:参看利未记10章,特别是1至3节:亚伦的儿子拿答、亚比户,各拿自己的香炉,盛上火,加上香,在耶和华面前献上凡火,是耶和华没有吩咐他们的,就有火从耶和华面前出来,把他们烧灭,他们就死在耶和华面前。于是摩西对亚伦说:”这就是耶和华所说:‘我在亲近我的人中要显为圣;在众民面前,我要得荣耀。'”亚伦就默默不言。神要求圣洁;神要求遵命。拿答、亚比户献上“凡火”(普通话本翻译为“未经主认可的火”)。他们违反了出埃及记30:9(7-10)。解经家认为拿答和亚比户献上的东西是神没有认可的;他们使用的方式也错了;他们的“敬拜”是枉然的,被神拒绝。拿答、亚比户是谁?他们曾经看见了神的什么(出埃及记24:1,9-11)?神为什么使得他们“死在耶和华面前”?今天的基督徒从此事情中学习什么?

六。民数记4章:民数记4章描述利未人三个家族的人口普查和工作责任。列出在这三个家族的名称。

七。民数记5至6章:以色列人预备将要离开西奈山时,摩西指出和强调几种条例。民数记5至6章包括五种条例, 如下:1)民数记5:1-4:把不___洁的人赶出营___。 2)民数记5:5-10节:若有人犯了人所常犯的___,他要做什么?3)民数记5:11-31节:猜疑妻子不贞的案件。也许此“试验”包括心里作用 (心里压力),但是谁作裁决?(16,18,21等节。) 4)民数记6:1-21:拿细___人的条例。什么叫做“许拿细耳人的愿”?“拿细耳”是“归主”和“分离”的意思。所以“拿细耳人”把自己特别归给谁?在某些事情上,他与别人是分___的,是___一样的。拿细耳人不可以吃什么?不可以喝什么?不可以用什么做什么?不可以亲近什么?他要___洁。一般来说,拿细耳人要守这些规定到什么时候?今天,什么使得基督徒“不洁净”或“不圣洁”?5)民数记6:22-27:祭司的祝福。

八。民数记6:22-27:祭司的祝福:请背诵此祝福,如下:“你们要这样为以色列人祝___说:‘愿耶和华赐___给你,保护你。愿耶和华使他的脸光___你,赐恩给___。愿耶和华向你仰脸,赐你___ ___。’他们要如此奉我的___为以色列人祝福,___也要赐福给他们”。请注意:1)“你”(单数,不是复数)。2)“平安”意思并非“平安无事”而已,乃是每一个人在各方面都很完整健全等。3)“奉我的名”因为以色列人属于耶和华;他们是他的子民。请问,今天,世人怎么样才可以得到这种祝福?


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Numbers Lesson One: Preparation to Move
Numbers chapters 1-6

1. Num. 1: Vs. 1: How long have the Israelites been gone from Egypt? Vs. 2: What did God tell Moses to do? Who was included and who was not included? Which tribe was the largest? What was the total number? Which tribe was not counted?
2. Num. 2: Chapter two tells how the twelve tribes did what?
3. Num. 3 and 4: Chapters three and four describe the branches of which tribe? Explain the meaning and significance of Num. 3:11-13, 41, 44-45.
4. Num. 3:5-10: Note: All priests were L____ but not all Levites were priests. Priests were limited to descendants of Aaron. Other Levites helped the p_____.
5. Num. 3:5-10: See Lev. 10, especially vs. 1-3: “Aaron’s sons Nadab and Abihu took their censers, put fire in them and added incense; and they offered unauthorized fire before the LORD, contrary to his command. So fire came out from the presence of the LORDand consumed them, and they died before the LORD. Moses then said to Aaron, “This is what the LORD spoke of when he said: “‘Among those who approach me I will show myself holy; in the sight of all the people I will be honored.'” Aaron remained silent.” God demanded purity; God demanded obedience. Nadab and Abihu presented “strange fire.” [The Easy-to-Read Chinese Version is also given: “Fire not approved by the Lord.”] They disobeyed Exodus 30:9 (7-10). Bible scholars believe that the item Nadab and Abihu offered was not approved by God; the method they used was also wrong; they worshipped in vain and it was rejected by God. Who were Nadab and Abihu? They had seen God’s (what) (Ex. 24:1, 9-11)? Why did God made them fall “dead before the LORD?” What do Christians today learn from this incident? (See Clyde M. Woods, The Living Way Commentary on the Old Testament, Vol. 2: Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy. Shreveport, LA: Lambert Book House, 1974.)
6. Num. 4: Numbers ch. 4 describes the census and work responsibilities of three branches of the Levites. List the three groups.
7. Num.5-6: When the Israelites prepared to leave the Sinai, Moses pointed out and emphasized several laws. Five of these are included in Numbers chs. five and six, as follows: 1) Num. 5:1-4: S______ from the camp anyone who is ceremonially u________. 2) Num. 5:5-10: If anyone commits any of the s____ that men commit, he shall (do what)? [See RSV or KJV.] 3) Num. 5:11-31: Wife suspected of not being chaste. Perhaps this “test” includes psychological pressure, but from whom comes the verdict? (See vs. 16, 18, 21 etc) 4) Num. 65:1-21: Laws regarding N_______. What is a “Nazarite vow”? “Nazarite” means “to God” and “one separated.” Thus a “Nazarite” has specially given himself to G___, and under some circumstances, he is s_____ from other people, is d_____ from others. The Nazarite did not eat what? Did not drink what? Could not use a what? Could not come in contact with what? He was to be h____. In general, how long should a Nazarite should keep these regulations? What will make Christians today “unclean” or “unholy”? 5) Num. 6:22-27: The Priestly Blessing.
8. Num. 6:22-27: The Priestly Blessing: Memorize this blessing, as follows: ‘This is how you are to b_____ the Israelites. Say to them: “‘ “The LORD b_____ you and keep you; the LORD make his face s_____ upon you and be gracious to y___; the LORD turn his face toward you and give you p_____.” ‘ “So they will put my n____ on the Israelites, and __ will bless them.” Note: 1) “You” is singular, not plural. 2) “Peace” does not simply mean “absence of incident,” but that each person is complete in every way, sound in body and mind, etc. 3) “Put my name on the Israelites” because the Israelites belong to the Lord; they are his people. Question: How can people obtain this blessing today?


圣经问答
民数记1章:预备起行:民数记一至六章
Bible Study Questions: Numbers Lesson One
Numbers 1-6: Preparation to Move
作者:谢德华 ©By Edward Short
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